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Abbreviations

  abbreviated word official name
B BfR German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment / Bundesinstitut für Risikobewertung
BIAC Business and Industry Advisory Committee
BraCVAM Brazulian Center for the Validation of Alternative Methods
C CERI Chemicals Evaluation and Research Institute
CCAAM/CaCVAM Canadian Centre for Alternatives to Animal Methods / Canadian Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods
E EC European Commission
ECHA European Chemicals Agency
EFSA European Food Safety Authority
EMA European Medicines Agency
EPA  Environmental Protection Agency
EURL ECVAM European Union Reference Laboratory for Alternatives to Animal Testing
F FDA Food and Drug Administration
I ICATM International Cooperation on Alternative Test Methods 
ICAPO International Council on Animal Protection in OECD Programmes
ICCVAM Interagency Coordinating Committee on the Validation of Alternative Methods
ICH International Council for Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Pharmaceuticals for Human Use
ISO International Organization for Standardization
J JaCVAM Japanese Center for the Validation of Alternative Methods
JALAS Japanese Association for Laboratory Animal Science
JEMS The Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society 
JSAAE Japanese Society for Alternatives to Animal Experiments 
JSOT Japanese Society of Toxicology
JSIT Japanese Society of Immunotoxicology
JCIA Japan Chemical Industry Association
JCIA Japan Cosmetic Industry Association
JPMA Japan Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association
JRC Joint Reserach Center
K KoCVAM Korean Center for the Validation of Alternative Method
M MAFF Ministry Agiculture, Forestry and Fisheries
METI Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry 
MFDS Ministry of Food and Drug Safety
MHLW Ministry ofHealth, Labour and Welfare
MOE Ministry of the Environment Government 
N NEDO New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization
NICEATM NTP interagency Center for the Evalution of Alternative Toxicological Methods
NIES National Institute for Environmental Studies
NIHS National Institute og Health Sciences
NIID National Institute of Infectious Diseases
NTP National Toxicology Program
O OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
P Ph. Eur. Pharmacopoea Europaea